Verbal Mnemonics: Overview
Use Each First Letter from a List of Words
Often, you have to memorize a list of words or phrases. You can take the first letter of each one, and make those first letters into something else.
A Phrase or Sentence
Perhaps the easiest verbal mnemonic to make is a phrase or sentence. Take the first letter of each word you want to remember, and make those letters into a sentence. (This is usually for lists, but you could also select a list of key words from a text.)
- The Planets: My Very Excellent Mother Just Served Us Nine Pies.
- Mnemonic Word → First Letter → Fact Word
Apparently, Pluto was recently demoted and lost its planet status. Perhaps the mother should serve “Nachos” instead of “Nine Pies,” at least until the astronomers are in a better mood.
Sometimes, you can combine the first letters into a single “word” or phrase. This is usually easiest if order doesn’t matter, so you can rearrange the letters.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit: PUFFWCK
|Fear of the Lord||F|
Colors of the spectrum: ROY G. BIV.
A classic mnemonic: this one even preserves the order of the spectrum.
If needed, you can visualize these for an added visual mnemonic.
- PUFFWCK: I imagine “puff wick,” a candle getting snuffed.
So when I ask, “What are the gifts of the Holy Spirit?” I find that image of the candle being snuffed. I could even store this on a loci if I needed to, but I don’t.
Use each first syllable
What if only the first letter is not enough? You can also try making a nonsense word (or words) using the first syllable.
For instance, Aristotle described three kinds of science: Natural Science, Mathematics, and Metaphysics. How about a new nonsense word: NatMatMet. True, it doesn’t mean anything, but if you chant it a few times, it may stick.
Remembering how to spell words can be particularly tough. Often, the correct spelling hinges on a few key letters in the word.
How do you spell souvenir? “In the South, sir, I got a souvenir.”
The key letters there are sou and ir, so this mnemonic focuses on them.
Another problem is when two (or more!) words sound the same. Take principle and principal. How do you know which is which? Their meanings can give you a clue.
|principle||A principle is a rule.|
|principal||The principal of a school is your pal (or not)|
If you like spelling mnemonics, you’re in luck. There are tons of them out there, at least for English.
Rhyme and Rhythm
The most memorable mnemonics are probably short verses with rhyme and rhythm. There are many excellent books and sites that can give you rhymes that others have already made up. But since making up your own can be a little more work, we’ll cover them separately.
Comparing Verbal Mnemonics
|Mnemonic||Making: Speed and Ease||Usage, and Potential Problems|
|Acrostic||Fair to Fast||Lists. What if you forget what the letter stands for?|
|Phrase||Fast||Lists. Same as acrostic..|
|First Syllable||Fast||Lists. Nonsense words sometimes “fall apart”.|
|Rhyme and rhythm||Slow to Fair||Lists, chunks of text. May need visual mnemonics.|
|Rhythm only||Fair to Fast||Lists, chunks of text. Not as memorable with no rhyme.|